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History and Timeline Of Toilet Paper

  Do you know when and who invented the toilet paper? Did you think that toilet paper were always a part of history, but never bothered to know the beginning of its existence? We all tend to take this small white roll of paper for granted, and there’s no doubt that imagining life without it is just impossible. An average American uses approximately 100 rolls of toilet paper in a year- about 21,000 sheets. These are not only used for bathroom and cleaning hygiene, but also for removing makeup, wiping spills, cleaning small bathroom chores and so on. Toilet paper is made from different proportions of bleached kraft-pulps with just a little to none refining of the stock, making them soft and highly absorbent.


  Before people started using paper widely, the ancient Romans used L-shaped stick made up of metals or wood, kept in stored salt water between uses. If we go further, people from Asian countries used sand, powdered brick, until the late 19th century, some communities were advised to use three stones for their bathroom hygiene.

In the late 15th century, paper became easily and widely available and in a short span of time began to replace traditional materials. Some people also made use of old correspondence pressed into service, pages from their old books, old paper bags, and other pieces of scrap paper to clean up.

Apparently, toilet paper is a modern invention, debuted in 1880; it was first developed by British Perforated Paper Company. In America, Scott Paper Company also made its own brand for toilet paper rolls in early 1890. For years, it was “unmentionable” product, and people felt embarrassed to be seen buying it.

Process of Manufacturing Toilet Paper

Raw Materials

  Toilet paper roll are made from new paper that makes use of a combination of hardwood and softwood trees. Softwood trees have long, strong fibers that gives paper its strength. On the other hand, Hardwood trees with shorter fibers make the paper soft. Generally, a toilet paper is clear a combination of 70% hardwood and 30% softwood.

Other materials that are used in the manufacturing process include chemicals, water, and bleaches. Most companies that manufacture green toilet paper rolls make use of recycled products such as oxygen, sodium hydroxide, ozone, or peroxide.

The Manufacturing Process

  Trees are debarked, chipped into uniform size of approximately 1” x ¼”.

The batch of chips is then mixed with about 10,000 gallons of chemicals. This mixture is then sent to a tall pressure cooker for further processing.

During the cooking that may last up two-three hours, the level of moisture in the wood pieces is evaporated, and the total mixture is reduced to just 25 tons of clean, cellulose fibers.

The resultant pulp then goes through a multi-stage washer system to remove the lignin and chemicals used. This resultant fluid is then separated from the pulp.

The pulp is washed and sent to bleach plant where the chemical process removes natural color of the fiber.

Residual lignin binds fibers together. This process makes the yellow paper, which is then bleached to make it white.

The pulp is mixed with water to produce tons of paper stock, which produces wide sheet of seamless matted fiber.

The mat is further sent to a huge heated cylinder that presses and quickly dries the paper.

The creping process follows, where the paper is delicately scraped off the dryer with the help of metal blade.

The paper is loaded onto huge converting machines that make huge paper logs that are cut into small rolls and wrapped packages,and a toilet paper has been finished.

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